EU Lawmakers Weigh 'Standard' for ICOs Under Crowdfunding Rules

September 5, 2018 12:00 AM
EU Lawmakers Weigh 'Standard' for ICOs Under Crowdfunding Rules

The All-Party Innovation Group within the EU Parliament met to examine the potential benefits and issues with rules for ICOs that would form part of a wider crowdfunding framework.

As CoinDesk previously reported, the proposal was written by Ashley Fox, a Member of the European Parliament (MEP). Fox called for an 8 million euro cap on token sale proceeds as well as know-your-customer/anti-money laundering requirements.

Perhaps more significantly, if the regulations are adopted by the European Parliament, it could create a standard for token sales, allowing projects to raise funds and conduct business in any of the 28 member-nations.

"Be assured, that as legislators we're trying to make ICOs more possible and more successful, that certainly is our objective," Fox remarked.

France Digitale managing director Nicolas Brien said during the meeting that "there is an emergency to act" to create such a standard, explaining that "the market wants legitimization … from every jurisdiction. In the UK it's particularly bad, none of the banks will bank you if you have crypto."

Brien went on to explain:

"Having the certainty, but also having that legitimization, I actually welcome having a European-wide proposal because it gives people the certainty to know. I think we need to be clear whether this is a utility token or a transferable security, or how the regulator regime looks at that, but I think this can be done because an ICO is another form of crowdfunding. It's different, but it is a form of crowdfunding."

That said, the meeting also saw many of the representatives and regulators highlight the need for stricter scrutiny of ICOs, given the prevalence of scams that employ the blockchain funding model.

Laura Royle of the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) said that "we certainly do see a huge potential benefit in this space for firms to raise capital from a broad array of investors and without the cost of an intermediary, but there are risks associated [such as] the potential for fraud, with a lack of transparency and the volatility."

The FCA, in particular, has seen a "high proportion" of fraud, she continued, though exact figures are difficult to establish. The regulator estimates that anywhere from 25 to 81 percent of ICOs may result in fraud.

While no clear consensus on a path forward was reached during the meeting, European Parliament members can submit amendments to the proposal by September 11 – thus setting the stage for further debate.